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A paradise for the avian world, and the pilgrimage for the bird lovers, it was known as the best duck shooting reserve in the British empire. But was declared a reserve for birds in 1956 and later upgraded to National Park. UNESCO has listed it as a world heritage site. The geographical location is ideal as it is on the main North-South avian route of India. Although small in size, 29 sq. km. Only, it boasts to house more than 375 species of beautiful birds, and more than 132 of them breed inside the Keoladeo Ghana National Park and nearly every year new ones are added to the list. Keoladeo Ghana National Park

The sanctuary not only attracts birds from India but also from places like Europe, Siberia, China and Tibet Before monsoons birds roost and nest building activities start on the babool and kadam trees of Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur). Water coming through the Ajan Bandh starts filling the various ponds and lakes of Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur).

When assured of enough food, hundreds of large, medium and little cormorant, darter, purple and grey heron, various species of egret, painted, open-billed, white necked and black necked stork, white ibis, spoonbill, night heron and other birds get busy in courting and mating. The trees are overflooded with nest, one can observe a tree housing nests upto fifties and sixties in number belonging to different species of birds looking after their loving young ones. The nests on the trees look like pearl necklaces. Gracious Saras cranes, the tallest flight birds nest in exposed and open area, both partners share the duty of hatching, while changing incubating duties, they come together, raise their neck and give out shrill trumpetic calls in unison and at the same time fan their feathers.

Keoladeo Ghana National ParkThe newly born chicks are only 10cm in size but grows upto one meter in height within a year. As the monsoons arrive birds from every part of the country start pouring into Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur). Migratory waterfowls, including the pride of Keoladeo Siberian Cranes form the indispensable part of Park. The waterfowls visit Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) millions during the month of October. Rosy starling marks the beginning of the arrival of migratory birds. The most noticeable waterfowl coming to Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) are barehanded and grey leg geese.

The ducks spotted here are pintail, common teal, ruddy shelduck, mallard, widgeon, shoveler, commong shelduck, red crested pochard, gadwall etc. predatory birds like imperial eagle, steppe and tawny eagee, spotted eagle, marsh harrier and laggar falcon are attracted towards Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) completing the avian food chain of the ecosystem. Some of them like short toed eagle, lesser spotted eagle and shikra are the residents of Park.

About 11 sq. km Area of Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) is covered with water the remaining portion is rich with Kingfisher, Red Vented and white cheeked Bulbuls, Babblers, Quails, Partridges,sun birds, Sparrows, Parakeets and orioles which live in bushes and burrows. The year round activity of the winged beauties has made Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) a pilgrimage for bird lovers and an ornithologists delight. The animal populace also show their presence although they are thoroughly dominated by feathers, wings and beaks. The animals include the Black Buck, Sambhar - the largest Indian Antelope, Spotted deer, and Nilgais.

Pythons can also be observed at some places in the sun. Vehicles are only permitted upto Shanti Kutir inside Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur). The Electra Van of forest department can be engaged in the sanctuary, although thKeoladeo Ghana National Parke best way to explore Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur) is on foot or bicycles which are available on hire. Cycle rickshaws can also be hired.

 

The Keoladeo Ghana National Park, one of the finest water-bird sanctuaries in the world. The Maharaja of Bharatpur artificially created the lake and wetland in the 19th century. By building small decks and dams and diverting water from an irrigation canal, he converted this low-lying area into a fine wild fowl shooting preserve. In a few years, the new wetland surrounded by marginal forests was able to support thousands of water birds.

Commonly referred to as Bharatpur, the Park is a delight for bird watchers. Over 375 species of birds are found here and raised paths, camouflaged by babool trees and undergrowth make viewing easy. A quiet ride by boat in the early hours of the morning is also unforgettable experience. The cacophony is unbelievable as painted storks, open bills, spoonbills, egrets, cormorants, white ibis and multitudes of others, tend their young. Jacanas with their iridescent colors and elegant tail feathers and purple Moroccan can be seen delicately treading over the floating vegetation.

Every year Bharatpur waits with bated breath for the arrival of the Siberian cranes. There are only two wintering places for this rare species one in Iran and the other Bharatpur and these beautiful birds with their distinctive red beaks and facial patches, fly oKeoladeo Ghana National Parkver 6400 km from their summer retreats.

Colorful kingfishers, graceful pelicans rare Siberian cranes and transcontinental fliers - the migratory water - fowl are amongst the 375 species of birds found in the Keoladeo National Park. The most spectacular nesting is that of the egrets, storks, herons and cormorants, which make over 10,000 nests every year. This makes outstanding bird havens of the world. The park covers an area of 28.73 km.

The story of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is incomplete without an account of the migratory waterfowl. The most prominent waterfowl coming to this park are bar headed and greylag geese. Ducks also create a lot of fluttering in the lakes. The ducks usually found here are pintail, widgeon, common shelduck, shoveler, garganey, teal, etc.

Attracted by the influx of the waterfowl the predatory birds-tawny eagles, spotted eagles short-toed eagles imperial eagles and fishing eagle also arrive. They all form the apex of the biological pyramid of the sanctuary and complete the avian food chain of the ecosystem. There are large herds of the nilgai, chital, wild boar and fear cows in addition to a few herds of sambar.

Birds of the Bagh

the bird of the bagh this checklist follows the order and (mostly) the nomenclature of bird of Bharatpur checklidst by Col.Shyam Singh which is avaliale in the bagh and at the barrier bookshop in the National park. the letter F after an entryindicate seen only flying over. deleting an F is an valuable as adding a species.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo F......
Darter Anbinga Malanogaster F.....
Grey Heror rdea cinerea F.....
Cattle egret bubulcus ibis....
great egrert casmerodieus....
intermediate egert mesophoyx intermedia....
little egert egretta garztta F.....
Painted stork mycteria lecuocephala F....
black-handed lbis threskiorinds melanocephalous F...
oreintal honey buzzard pernis ptilorbyncbus....
black kite milvus migrans F....
shikra accipiter badius...
steppe eagle aquila nipalensis
egyptian vulture neophron perconopterus F.....
greyb francolin francolinus pondicerianus....
indian peafowl pavo cristatus...
red wattled lapwing vanellus indicus ...
ruff philomacbus pungax F....
stone-curlew burbinus oedicnemus...
rock pigeon columba livia....
eurasian collsred dove streptopelia decaocto...
greater coucal centropus sinenisss ....
spotted owlet athene brama....
indian nighjar caprimulgus asiaticus F..
white breasted kingfisher haklcyon symrenis ...
green bee-eater merops orintalis...
indian roller coracias benghalensis....
indian grey horenbill ocyeros birostris..
copperrsmits barbet magalaima bacmaccphala...
brown-headed barbet magalaima zeylanica...
black-rumped flamback dinopium benghalensis....
plain martin riparia paludicolaF....
eurasian golden oriole oeiolus oriolusF...
black drongo dicurrus macrourus...
common stalling sturnus vulgaris...
asian pied starilling sturnus contra...
common myna acridotheres tristis....
bank myna acridotheres ginginianus ....
rufous pree-pie dendrocitta vagabunda...
house crow corvus spelendens ....
jungle crow corvus macrorbyncbos....
small minivet pericrocoyus cinnamomeus ....
white eared bulbul pycnonotus leucotis...
red vented bulbul pycnonotus cafer....
jungle ballber turdoides straiatus
red breasted flycatcher ficudela parva
white-browed fantail rbipidura aureola
plain prinia ortbotomus sutorius
lesser whitethroat sylvia curruca
hume`s warbler phylloscopus bumei
yellow-browed warbler phylloscopus inornatus
brooks`s leaf warbler phylloscopus subviridis
greenish warbler phylloscopus trocbiloides
western crowned warbler phylloscopus occipitalis
chiffchaff phylloscopus collybita
oriental magpie robin copsycbus saularis
black redstart phoenicurus ocbruros
pied bushchat saxocola caprata
indian robin saxicoloides fulicata
citrine wegtail motacilla citreolaF
purple sunbird nectarinia asiatica
oriental white eye zosterops palpebrosus
house sparrow passer domesticus


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